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However, Mozart himself termed this piece as a motet. The journeys associated with their creation is both fascinating and enchanting and explores the most uncharted musical byways. Mozart had set out for Salzburg with his father in , just before his 14th birthday. This month spanning trip was memorable for various reasons.
He had heard the piece while visiting the Sistine Chapel. The response was astounding, with the opera being performed 20 times. However, disaster struck as the Prince passed away and was subsequently succeeded by the infamous Archbishop Hieronymus Colloredo. On December 26, , the opera premiered and went on to had 20 performances.
The quality of this 2nd opera had an adverse effect, and Wolfgang received no further commissions. In , they returned to Salzburg. It was written for Venanzio Rauzzini, an eminent Italian castrato, who subsequently performed it. The original date and the name of the lyricist still remain unknown. However, the low-quality Latin text suggests a period preceding its date of listing.
Researchers speculate that, as Rauzzini was the lead singer at the Munich court between the period of to , he might have provided Wolfgang with the text. They were completely absconded from leaving the court, barring a brief trip to Vienna.
In , the father-son duo was discharged from their duties when they applied for a leave. Wolfgang left for the trip, which later proved to be an ill-fated one when his mother passed away in Paris. In , Mozart returned to Salzburg, and during this period crafted the Salzburg 1 and Salzburg 2 versions of the motet. In May , he left Salzburg for good. The Aria is used to depict the feelings involved in the events taking place while the recitative is used typically to depict the events.
Here, he has pre-empted Beethoven, who is generally acclaimed as the first composer to link 2 concerto movements. Anatomy Exsultate was crafted due to various reasons. The popular conjecture remains that Rauzzini had probably shared the words with Mozart, hoping he would incorporate music into it. Also, Rauzzini himself was available to perform it. However, the most important reason is considered to be the prevalent musical atmosphere of Italy in that period.
The musical ambiance of Milano was hugely contrasting to that of Salzburg, and it came as a refreshing new challenge for the seventeen-year-old Wolfgang.
Italy was the living beacon of Music in that era, while Salzburg was still devoid of the full effects of the artistic culture. The Salzburg version utilizes Austrian flutes, while the Italian version uses Italian oboes. There is a widely accepted theory that the Salzburg 1 version was crafted for a Trinity Sunday, the Trinity church in particular.
The second Salzburg version was created for Christmas. The Milano version is a bit vague in exuberating praise and joy, albeit being theologically sound.
The text in the piece is liturgically fitting for a Nativity motet. The Salzburg 1 had new words, which indicate that the Archbishop wanted it for a separate reason. However, he undertook this genre only after crafting Exsultate.
Learn about "Exsultate, jubilate" by Mozart
Exsultate, Jubilate, K 165
Mozart's absolutely gorgeous 'Exsultate, jubilate'