Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Storia della letteratura latina 14 - Poco si sa della vita di Tito Calpurnio. Dal poeta stesso che si riconosce facilmente nella figura di Coridone sappiamo che trovandosi in ristrettezze economiche era sul punto di emigrare in Spagna quando venne aiutato da Meliboeus. Sembra che, aiutato dalla sua influenza, Tito Calpurnio si sia assicurato un posto a Roma. E una cometa apparve poco prima della morte di Claudio , imperatore romano che precedette il regno di Nerone.
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I Latin poet of the 1st century, author of a set of seven bucolic eclogues cf. The details about his life are inferred from the work itself. The nickname "Siculo" that is, Sicilian may both refer to their homeland as, most probably, the cultivated genus poetry bucolic, alluding to the Sicilian Theocritus , founder of the genre.
It is virtually certain, despite some critical dissent Champlin, , Calpurnius wrote during the reign of the Emperor Nero ad. Indeed, the eclogue I alludes verses to the Comet that, as planned, announced the death of Claudio and Nero ascension to the throne in 54; the VII celebrates the construction of an amphitheatre of wood in the Champ de Mars, and the spectacle offered by Nero in 57 to inaugurate it Munus Neronis.
Calpurnius speaks of the Emperor in a encomiastica way, and in many passages of the compositions I, IV and VII identifies his reign with a new golden age.
All this fits with the optimistic atmosphere that gave rise to the ascension to power of Nero and the first five years of his reign, of 54 to 59 A. Calpurnius, for its part, is presented under the guise of the shepherd Coridon, as poet poor, low social extraction IV, VII , which acknowledges the assistance of a pattern called in the Eclogues under the name Melibeo - who has been identified with Columella or Calpurnius Piso, Seneca - pastoral IV TheEcloguesof Calpurnius Manuscripts transmit eleven eclogues under the name of Calpurnius; the first Renaissance editions published the set, until Angelo Ugoleti, in his edition of Parma ca.
More later, the German philologist M. Haupt definitely settled the issue in a book of The seven eclogues that today are supported as a work of Calpurnius Siculus are extension short the largest is the fourth, with verses , in dactilicos hexametros. Eclogue I two shepherds, Ornito and Coridon the latter clearly representing the author , discovered in the bark of a tree a long inscription, engraved by the God pan, which prophesies the coming of a new golden age.
In the second, the gardener Astakos and Idas, both in love with the girl Crocale, pastor dam in a singing competition. In III, while Yolas seeks a lost cow, Licidas tells her is desperate because his beloved, which struck in a fit of jealousy, has left him.
Yolas advised that you take the first step in reconciliation, composing a song for the girl. Also, thanks the patronage of its patron Melibeo, who has access to the imperial court. In the sixth, two shepherds, Astilo and Licidas, are proposed compete in singing, naming as judge to Mnasilo.
The lid is interrupted by a dispute. Finally, in the seventh, encomiastico character, the shepherd Coridon, on his return from Rome, has Licotas lavish games which has witnessed in the Amphitheater of wood, where had the opportunity to see the Emperor from afar. Sources and literary value The poetry of Calpurnius still bucolic conventions established by Theocritus and Virgil for example, the love of pastors and amebeo singing.
Virgil, which is mentioned under the bucolic Titiro pseudonym, is considered a God, object of emulation by Calpurnius IV Calpurnius innovation lies in that it exploits and accentuates some attitudes that were already seminalmente in Virgil such attitudes will have to meet success in the further development of the genre. On the one hand, emphasizes the allegorical dimension of the genre the shepherds tend to represent real characters ; on the other hand, the pastoral eclogue becomes an artificial conduit for political commendation.
The myth of the golden age, which Calpurnius confers a political dimension in the poems I and IV, had already been treated by Virgil in his Eclogue IV with similar political involvement, although less explicitly. Finally, is documented for the first time the clear representation of the author himself Calpurnius in one of his characters Coridon. TheEclogues Carmina Einsiedlensia Einsiedlenses Two short eclogues anonymous with a total of 87 hexametros that have significant similarities with the Eclogues of Calpurnius have been transmitted us in fragmentary State.
In the second, the pastor Mister celebrates the advent of a new golden age under the Emperor and criticized the reluctance of a foolish "herd" II 23 , in which we see an allusion to political opponents. It seems clear that there is a close relationship between the Eclogues of Calpurnius and the Einsidlenses. II 1 quid tacitus, Mystes? I are a commendation of Nero; Calpurnius I and Einsied.
II celebrated the restoration of the golden age of the new reign. These relationships suggest that an author imitates the other. Since Calpurnius speaks of its low social extraction and appeals to a pattern under the pseudonym pastoral Melibeo , paint whom as a poet and close of the Emperor, the most plausible hypothesis is Calpurnius imitate the Eclogues Einsiedlensias, and that the author of these is their pattern.
Calpurnius Siculo could well be your liberto, adopting its name, which would add a nickname, the "Siculo", alluding to the cultivated genus.
Survival Calpurnius was quite read since ancient times. Nemesianus, a grower of the bucolic of the end of the 3rd century A. Already in the middle ages, first half of the 9th century imitates Modoino of Autun in the composition of an eclogue in two parts, encomiastica of Charlemagne called Palaemon , in which the eulogy is associated, as in Calpurnius, the myth of the golden age.
It was also read by Marco Valerio s. XII and by Petrarca s. The Prince Edition, published in Rome, is of Calpurnius also gives J. Sannazaro material for its pastoral novel Arcadia , and Guarini for his drama Il Pastor fido In century XVI. Ronsard taken it into account in the composition of six eclogues. In the 18th century Calpurnius also influences in the idylls of the Swiss poet Solomon Gessner Bibliography Champlin, e.
Correa, j. Correa, J. Ruiz Arzalluz, i. Temporini - W. Haase edd. Vinchesi, Maria Assunta ed. Eglogue, Milano: Library Universale Rizzoli, G Laguna Marshal.
T. Calpurnio Siculo
Poco si sa della vita di Tito Calpurnio. Dal poeta stesso che si riconosce facilmente nella figura di Coridone sappiamo che trovandosi in ristrettezze economiche era sul punto di emigrare in Spagna quando venne aiutato da Meliboeus. Sembra che, aiutato dalla sua influenza, Tito Calpurnio si sia assicurato un posto a Roma. E una cometa apparve poco prima della morte di Claudio, imperatore romano che precedette il regno di Nerone. Il poema mostra forti somiglianze con le egloghe in quanto a scelta metrica, linguaggio e soggetto. Viene suggerito che il poeta possa essere stato adottato da Pisone o che fosse figlio di un appartenente alla stessa gens.
Tito Calpurnio Siculo - Églogas (Ed. Bilingüe UNAM)