Create a Java project "de. Create a folder "lib" and place the required JPA jars and derby. Add the libs to the project classpath. Afterwards create the package "de. Entity; import javax. GeneratedValue; import javax.

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It also expects that you place your mapping annotations on your entity attributes. If you use property-based access, you need to annotate the getter methods of your entity attributes with the required mapping annotations. Your JPA implementation then calls the getter and setter methods to access your entity attributes. That might sound like a minor, internal difference. So, the question is: Which one should you prefer? You can watch it here! How to specify the access strategy But before we dive into the differences between the two, let me quickly explain how to configure an access strategy.

Default configuration of your access strategy By default, you specify the access strategy implicitly by annotating your primary key attribute or its getter method with an Id annotation. If you annotate the attribute itself, Hibernate uses field-based access. Login here. But which strategy should you choose? Does it make a real difference? Yes, it does make a difference. I always recommend using field-based access.

Here are 5 reasons why field-based access is the better access strategy. Reason 1: Better readability of your code Writing readable code is important. You should always consider how a specific implementation visually affects your code. And because the access strategy defines where you can place your mapping annotations, it has a significant impact on readability.

If you use field-based access, you annotate your entity attributes with your mapping annotations. By placing the definition of all entity attributes at the top of your class, you get a relatively compact view of all attributes and their mappings. This requires you to scroll through more code, and this makes it much harder to get an overview of an entity and its mapping. This is most often the case for setter methods of generated primary key attributes or version columns. Your persistence provider manages the values of these attributes, and you should not set them programmatically.

That makes your entities much easier to use and helps you to prevent bugs. You can implement these methods in any way you want. That enables you to implement business-specific validation rules, to trigger additional business logic or to convert the entity attribute into a different data type.

I use that in the following example to wrap an optional association in a Java Optional. This annotation tells your persistence provider that a method or attribute is not part of the entity persistent state. And because with field-type access the persistent state gets defined by the attributes of your entity, your JPA implementation ignores all methods of your entity.

That approach works fine in almost all situations. But it introduces a dangerous pitfall if you use property-based access. If you use property-based access, Hibernate initializes the attributes of the proxy object when you call the getter method. But quite a lot of equals and hashCode implementations access the attributes directly. If this is the first time you access any of the proxy attributes, these attributes are still uninitialized. Already a member? Conclusion All JPA implementations, like Hibernate and EclipseLink, support 2 access strategies that define how your persistence provider reads and sets the attributes of your entity.

The field-based access strategy uses reflection and the property-based access strategy uses the getter and setter methods of your entity. This might seem like a slight, internal difference. But as we have discussed in this article, the access strategy affects how you can implement your entity and might even help you to avoid bugs.


Access Strategies in JPA and Hibernate – Which is better, field or property access?

Taking you through the complete process of plug-in development, from packaging to automated testing and deployment, this book is a direct route to quicker, cleaner Java development. This approach makes item creation straightforward and visually consistent. As of Eclipse 3. This article explores the custom draw mechanism for Table and Tree. This tutorial has been written for version 1.


Java Persistence


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