Zbignew had taken this idea from British strategist Halford Mackinder. Mackinder argued quite rightly, if with somewhat devilish conclusions that whoever controlled the Eurasian landmass would control the worlds pivot-point. Zbigniew updated the thesis: America should seek such dominance in Eurasia as to make Russia her This book by William Engdahl succinctly explains the neo-conservative, neo-liberal paranoia. Zbigniew updated the thesis: America should seek such dominance in Eurasia as to make Russia her vassal.
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The Russian Duma, in fact, ratified Start II, providing a firm disarmament schedule - contingent on both countries prohibiting a missile defense deployment as stipulated under the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty ABM. It claimed the right to develop and test new nuclear weapons in violation of NPT , rescinded the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention, greatly increased military spending, refused to consider a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty to increase already large stockpiles, and claimed the right to wage preventive wars under the doctrine of "anticipatory self-defense" using first-strike nuclear weapons.
The door was now open for enhanced militarization, creation of the US Missile Defense Agency, and proof again that trusting America is foolhardy and dangerous. Even a superpower like the US is vulnerable. He was very comfortable with an American Century, only leery of the means to achieve and keeping it.
In , with 28 NATO country members, including 10 former Warsaw Pact ones, Washington sought admission for Georgia and Ukraine, and did so after announcing in early the planned installation of interceptor missiles in Poland and advanced tracking radar in the Czech Republic, both NATO members.
Allegedly for defense against Iran and other "rogue" states, it clearly targeted Russia by guaranteeing America a nuclear first-strike edge, and that provoked a sharp Kremlin response. It does not have any relation with the modernisation of the Alliance itself or with ensuring security in Europe. On the contrary, it represent a serious provocation that reduces the level of mutual trust. And we have a right to ask: against whom is this expansion intended?
And what happened to the assurances our western partners made after the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact? Last August, it got this writer to comment in an article titled "Reinventing the Evil Empire," saying: Russia is back, proud and re-assertive, and not about to roll over for America, especially in Eurasia. Early in the last century and notably post-WW II, America determined to rule even at the risk of all out nuclear war.
For its part, Britain intended to stay in the game, and in April , Winston Churchill urged Dwight Eisenhower and Franklin Roosevelt "to launch an immediate full-scale war against the Soviet Union, using up to 12 captured German divisions as cannon fodder to destroy Russia once and for all.
As for America, in , Truman ordered Eisenhower "to prepare secret plans for a surprise nuclear strike on some Soviet cities despite knowing the Kremlin posed no direct or immediate threat to the United States" or its close allies. A nuclear-armed Russia with intercontinental missile capabilities halted the threat - until the Bush Doctrine asserted the right to wage preventive wars, with first-strike nuclear weapons, to depose foreign regimes perceived dangerous to US security and interests.
That was the strategy behind the Georgian conflict that could have escalated into nuclear war. Defused for the moment, "a number of leading US policy makers see Russia today as unfinished business and seek its complete dismemberment as an independent pivot for Eurasia.
The closer offensive nuclear missiles are to its borders, the nearer it gets to disempowerment, further dismemberment, and possible nuclear annihilation. Its reaction left few doubts of its response. His message was clear. The Clinton administration gave it modest support until the National Missile Defense Act of proposed an active missile defense "as soon as is technologically possible It plays out through covert CIA actions to overthrow democratically elected governments, remove foreign leaders and key officials, prop up friendly dictators, and target individuals anywhere in the world.
The idea is to isolate Russia by cutting off its economic lifeline - the "pipeline networks that carry its huge reserves of oil and natural gas from the Urals and Serbia to Western Europe and Eurasia In , it deposed the popularly elected Jacobo Arbenz and replaced him with a military dictator - on the pretext of removing a non-existent communist threat.
Arbenz, like other targets, threatened US business interests by favoring land reform, strong unions, and wealth distribution to alleviate extreme poverty in their countries.
For decades, countries in Latin America, the Middle East, and other world regions have been frequent victims. However, by the s, new forms of covert regime change emerged along the lines that RAND studies called "swarming" - the idea being to develop social manipulation techniques or disruptive outbreaks short of wars or violent uprisings.
According to State Department and intelligence community officials, "It seemed to be the perfect model for eliminating regimes opposed to US policy," whether or not popularly elected. Every regime is now vulnerable to "new methods of warfare" by other means, including economic ones very much in play now and earlier. For America to remain the sole superpower, controlling global oil and gas flows is crucial along with cutting off China from Caspian Sea reserves and securing the energy routes and networks between Russia and the EU.
Under Bush-Cheney, Washington reacted aggressively. Controlling world energy resources is central, and nothing under Obama has changed.
As long as Russia and China stay free from US control, "full spectrum dominance" is impossible. In , a defining geopolitical event occurred when Putin had billionaire oligarch, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, arrested on charges of tax evasion and put his shares in giant Yukos Oil group under state control.
It followed a decisive Russian Duma lower house election in which Khodorkovsky "was reliably alleged" to have used his wealth for enough votes to gain a majority - to challenge Putin in for president. Khodorkovsky violated his pledge to stay out of politics in return for keeping his assets and stolen billions provided he repatriate enough of them back home. His arrest also came after a report surfaced about a meeting with Dick Cheney in Washington, followed by others with ExxonMobil and ChevronTexaco.
Cheney knew it; Bush knew it; Khodorkovsky knew it. Above all, Vladimir Putin knew it and moved decisively to block it" and hit hard on Khodorkosky in the process. It "signaled a decisive turn Russia remains a military powerhouse and displays impressive technology at international trade shows, including the S and more powerful S, reportedly more potent than comparable US systems.
Key is to keep Russia and China from cooperating economically and militarily, "maintain a strategy of tension across Asia, and particularly Eurasia" that, of course includes the Middle East and its oil riches - for the overarching goal of total "control of China as the potential economic colossus of Asia.
The Army Modernization Strategy AMS focuses on "full spectrum dominance," controlling world resources, and the prospect of wars for three to four decades to secure them. China and Russia are most feared as serious competitors - the former for its explosive economic growth and resource requirements and the latter for its energy, other raw material riches, and military strength. AMS also included another threat - "population growth" threatening America and the West with "radical ideologies" and hence instability as well as unwanted "resource competition" that expanding economies require - everything from food to water, energy and other raw materials.
One is by the sword. The other is by debt," or more broadly economic warfare. With much of US manufacturing offshored in China, both methods are constrained so an alternative scheme is used - human rights and democracy by an America disdaining both at home or abroad. Called the "Saffron Revolution" in Myanmar formerly Burma , it featured Western media images of saffron-robed Buddhist Monks on Yangon formerly Rangoon streets calling for more democracy.
Myanmar rejected similar overtures - hence its being targeted for its strategic importance. China has close ties to Myanmar. The country is also oil-rich, on its territory and offshore.
In summer , Myanmar and PetroChina signed a long-term Memorandum of Understanding - to supply China with substantial natural gas from its Shwe gas field in the Bay of Bengal. To sweeten the deal, the Bush administration offered to sell nuclear outlaw India advanced nuclear technology. At the same time, it bashed Iran for its legitimate commercial operations, and now Obama threatens hardened sanctions and perhaps war without year end compliance with clearly outrageous demands.
He lives in Chicago and can be reached at lendmanstephen sbcglobal. Also visit his blog site at sjlendman. All programs are archived for easy listening.
F. William Engdahl - Full Spectrum Dominance: Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order - 2009
Full Spectrum Dominance: Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order