LUTTRELL PSALTER PDF

The Psalter is a collection of one-hundred-and-fifty Psalms, written in verse and traditionally attributed to the Old Testament King David. The Psalms express different themes ranging from personal sorrow to jubilation, petition to glorification, communal identity and celebration. For Christian exegetes who commented on the Bible, the text of the Psalms was regarded as a prefiguration of the life of Christ and his suffering. From early Christian times, the Psalter was used in liturgical services known as the Divine Office, which punctuated the day into eight times of prayer. Monks, canons clerics living in community under a rule and friars were obliged to undertake the weekly recitation of more or less the entire Psalter in a complex arrangement divided into the daily offices.

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The Psalter is a collection of one-hundred-and-fifty Psalms, written in verse and traditionally attributed to the Old Testament King David. The Psalms express different themes ranging from personal sorrow to jubilation, petition to glorification, communal identity and celebration.

For Christian exegetes who commented on the Bible, the text of the Psalms was regarded as a prefiguration of the life of Christ and his suffering. From early Christian times, the Psalter was used in liturgical services known as the Divine Office, which punctuated the day into eight times of prayer. Monks, canons clerics living in community under a rule and friars were obliged to undertake the weekly recitation of more or less the entire Psalter in a complex arrangement divided into the daily offices.

These consisted of Matins recited at night, Lauds recited at dawn, Prime, Terce, Sext and Nones which were shorter daytime offices, Vespers recited in the evening, and Compline which was a short bedtime service. The Psalms also formed the structure of medieval personal piety allowing both ecclesiastics and lay devotees to immerse themselves emotionally in those texts and express their adoration of God, their remorse and reparation for sin, as well as their petition for divine protection.

The regular usage of Psalms in personal and public prayers, in Mass readings and the Divine Office, made them a staple of medieval piety. Due to their rhythmic and simple structure Psalters were also used in teaching Latin.

MS has been held in the British Library since and is named after its patron Sir Geoffrey Luttrell , a wealthy knight and landowner in Lincolnshire in the north of England, who commissioned this splendid manuscript in the first half of the fourteenth century.

His military and noble status, and his religious devotion and personal involvement in the creation of the book, are portrayed through images in the Psalter that are discussed in more detail in other posts of this blog. Psalters as liturgical books were placed on lecterns before the altar for the daily recitation of the Divine Office.

The use of the Luttrell Psalter in such a liturgical setting acted as a perpetual remainder of the obligation to pray for the well-being of the patron in life and after death. The creation of the illustrated Psalter was extremely expensive, but to a medieval benefactor it was a pious investment that secured prayers from the clergy.

A close connection between the Luttrells and members of the clergy is seen on folio r that depicts two mendicant friars as guests at the dining table of Sir Geoffrey, a scene that is further discussed in another post of this blog.

What is special about the Luttrell Psalter? We find throughout the Luttrell Psalter, a sequence of illustrations which act as a counterpoint to the text and relate to verses which probably had a devotional value for the patron who commissioned the manuscript.

Liam Costello.

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Luttrell Psalter

Lucy Sandler [5] prefers to date the creation around —30 because the styles are similar to the other manuscripts of that time. Michelle Brown believes it was made and planned much later, around — The psalter contains a portrait of Luttrell, at the end of Psalm , fully armed and mounted on a war-horse, with an extravagant display of the Luttrell arms. The image is believed to have served to emphasise his knightly status during a marriage union of a family member.

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Luttrell-Psalter

The Luttrell Psalter by Ellen Castelow A psalter is a collection of religious texts, including psalms, prayers and a calendar of Church feast-days, written in Latin on vellum or parchment. What makes the Luttrell Psalter unique is that it is richly illustrated with depictions of everyday life in rural England in the first half of the 14th century. The Luttrell Psalter was commissioned by Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord of the Manor of Irnham in Lincolnshire , and was created between and by one scribe and a number of unknown artists. So why did Sir Geoffrey commission the work?

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The Luttrell Psalter: Knighthood, Hospitality and Piety / ­Geoffrey’s Feast

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