The book describes how God used the 10 sefirot and the 22 Hebrew letters in various combinations, and finally as described in the closing section of the book , how he revealed this secret to Abraham as a covenant with him. Themes[ edit ] Both the macrocosm the universe and the microcosm man are viewed in this system as products of the combination and permutation of these mystic characters,  and such a use of the letters by the Jews for the formation of the Holy Name for thaumaturgical purposes is attested by magic papyri that quote an "Angelic Book of Moses," which was full of allusions to biblical names. The three letters Aleph, Mem, Shin, are not only the three "mothers" from which the other letters of the alphabet are formed, but they are also symbolical figures for the three primordial elements, the substances which underlie all existence. In the beginning, however, these three substances had only a potential existence, and came into actual being only by means of the three letters Aleph, Mem, Shin; and as these are the principal parts of speech, so those three substances are the elements from which the cosmos has been formed. The water formed the earth; heaven was produced from the fire; and the ruach produced the air between heaven and earth.
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Kaplan was expelled from public school after acting out, leading him to grow up as a "street kid" in the Bronx. Kaplan did not grow up religious and was known as "Len". His family only had a small connection to Jewish practice, but he was encouraged to say Kaddish for his mother. On his first day at the minyan, Henoch Rosenberg, a year Klausenburger Chassid , realized that Len was out of place, as he was not wearing tefillin or opening a siddur , and befriended him.
Henoch Rosenberg and his siblings taught Kaplan Hebrew , and within a few days, Kaplan was learning Chumash. Kaplan earned his M. He held the position through He kept this position through Rabbi Leonard Kaplan enjoyed advising the cast on ritual and its meaning. He showed them how to sway and bend while they pray, explained what it means to study the Talmud, and in general helped the cast understand the outlook of a religious Jew. His monument says that he was successful at doing Kiruv.
His writing was remarkably unique in that it incorporated ideas from across the spectrum of Rabbinic literature , including Kabbalah and Hasidut , without ignoring science. His introductory and background material contain much scholarly and original research. In researching his books, Kaplan once remarked: "I use my physics background to analyze and systematize data, very much as a physicist would deal with physical reality. Kaplan himself utilized the meditative form of Kabbalah on a daily basis.
These books seek to revive and reconstruct ancient Jewish practices and vocabulary relating to meditation. He also wrote and translated several works related to Hasidic Judaism in general, and to the teachings of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov in particular. Kaplan was described by Rabbi Pinchas Stolper , his original sponsor, as never fearing to speak his mind. He put forward creative and original ideas and hypotheses, all the time anchoring them in classical works of rabbinic literature. It is noteworthy for its detailed index, thorough cross-references, extensive footnotes with maps and diagrams, and research on realia , flora , fauna , and geography here, drawing on sources as varied as Josephus , Dio Cassius , Philostratus and Herodotus.
The footnotes also indicate differences in interpretation amongst the commentators , classic and modern. A chapter titled "Creation,"  in which Rabbi Kaplan "presents evolution as part of the basic tenets of Judaism,"  was omitted from publication.
Rabbi Kaplan was the primary translator. He was also a frequent contributor to The Jewish Observer. These articles have been published as a collection: Artscroll, , "The Real Messiah? Moving beyond superficiality, the slender book encourages the reader to ponder topics concerning the nature of being and Divine providence. His Moreh Ohr, a Hebrew-language work, discusses the purpose of Creation , tzimtzum and free will from a kabbalistic point of view.