This is a very important sukta of the Veda, a recitation of which right in the morning adds to the happiness and success of the endeavors of that day and further. This text is found in the Yajurveda and has the mantra mixed with that of RV too. Bhaga is an aspect of the Sun known for Brilliance and guidance to the buddhi of the sadhakas. Actually the Sanskrit word Bhaga means wealth, prosperity and all that in entirety is deified in the name of the deity Bhaga. Utpattim ca vinasam ca bhutanam agatim gatim vetti vidyam avidyam ca sa vacyo bhagavan iti!!
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This is a very important sukta of the Veda, a recitation of which right in the morning adds to the happiness and success of the endeavors of that day and further. This text is found in the Yajurveda and has the mantra mixed with that of RV too.
Bhaga is an aspect of the Sun known for Brilliance and guidance to the buddhi of the sadhakas. Actually the Sanskrit word Bhaga means wealth, prosperity and all that in entirety is deified in the name of the deity Bhaga.
Utpattim ca vinasam ca bhutanam agatim gatim vetti vidyam avidyam ca sa vacyo bhagavan iti!! Bhagapranetar bhagasatyaradho bhagemaam dhiyam udavadadannah, bhaga prano janaya gobhirasvair bhagapranrubhir nruvantasyama!. Utedanim bhagavantasyamota prapitva uta madhye anhnam utodita maghavan suryasya vayam devanagum sumatau syama!
The application viniyoga of this Hymn could be mere recitation. It is the mode of a simple vedaparayana. This sukta is recited as and when the doors of the temple or house are opened for the day in the morning. Also at times while nirmalya of the vigrahas are removed for further puja. The nirmalya is the share of Candisvara one of the Pramatha ganas retinue of lord Rudra. Infact after penance he got it as a boon. Even today in big temples like Guruvayoor Krishna temple and in Mahakala temple at Ujjain at nirmalya seva is a special kaimkarya.
It is called as the Bhagya sukta homa to please suryaBhagavan who is all in all for the prosperity of everybody born on this Earth and elsewhere. Bhaga is known as Arogyam Vidvan. There are many applications viniyogas for the same. Let us note certain key expressions of the sukta which draw our attention for knowing its merit and importance. These also encourage us to make upasana of this sukta with sraddha.
In the sukta we have the expressions: 1. Rudra is he who removes distress rut dravayati iti rudhrah Rudra is known in eleven in number technically and called as ekadasa rudrah. The deity would enthuse such that always the devotees get enough thinking to make him well acknowledged among his colleagues. Here sumati are the best favourabe opinions by the better people 4.
Bhaga pura eta bhaveha May the lord Bhaga be the leader to us moving at the fore front of us in order to guide our way. In case anyone were to harm, he should be discouraged and removed from us.
Hence it is worthwhile to dedicate our time in prayer to the Lord Bhaga with the employment of this sukta right in the morning before we start any serious work. In our Vedaadhyayana Kendra we have the practice of reciting this sukta as an opening sukta for our Vedic study in the class. Usually people going to temple in the morning or priests while opening locks of the temple doors in the morning recite this as prayer to the great Lord Bhaga who make the day to dawn and activity to begin for all people..
He is further designated as the specific deity for luck, fortune and prosperity. He is all Light and brilliance by Himself. One could hope to be the richest owing to the grace of the Lord as per their karmic needs and necessities here and hereafter. It is for a noble end. And may be subjected foruther analysis and understanding. Our veda vijana is ananta, definitely infinite. It is the wisdom source too.
Om tat sat.
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Translated by P. He is the son of Adithi , supporter and bestower of bliss. Though Bhaga is not a puranic God, he has contributed his name to the words, Bhagawan, Bhagya etc. I have referred to both these sites. Pratar agnim, Pratar Indram havamahe pratar mitra varuna , prathar aswina, Prathar bhagam pooshanam Brahmanaspathim pratha soma muthaa rudram huvema. Pratha arjitham bhaga mugram, huvema vayam puthra madhitheyo vidartha, Adhraschid manya maana suraschid yam Bagam Bhakshithaya. In the morning we make as our own Bhaga, who is the son of Adhithi and a great supporter, And therefor even the gods who appear to be great are making Bhaga their own.