Both of her parents were teachers. Her mother and oldest brother left Korea for Hawaii when Cha was young, in The rest of her family eventually moved to the United States in ,  temporarily settling in Hawaii. At this school Cha studied Western classics and language. She also studied French, Greek, and Roman classics.
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Genre[ edit ] Critics contend that Dictee, though considered a novel, is difficult to define by genre. It has an unorthodox structure, and consists of descriptions of the struggle to speak, uncaptioned photographs, tellings of the lives of saints and patriots, and mysterious letters that seem not to relate to the other material. Cha "borrows from avant garde and film editing techniques such as jagged cuts, jump shots, and visual exposition", based on her experience in the video and performing arts.
It can help the readers respond more actively and creatively. Dictee has so many forms of genre, such as autobiography, fiction, history, and poetry. Cha criticizes the prejudice and oppression to women, which makes a great effect on genre. What Cha goes through are shown in aesthetic forms that eulogizes the female characteristics. In addition, her fragmented memories suggest her vague Korean identity and inner lose.
In all, her depictions are shaped by and shape genre. Structure and critical observations[ edit ] Dictee is organized into nine parts, a structure that arises from the nine Greek muses. The nine muses are titled as nine chapters of Dictee. Cha uses it to describe the women always come together and the child becomes the mother and the mother will have a child and it is like a circle, a life circle for women.
So this is a circle both in physcial and mental. The novel mainly written in English and French, but some Korean and Chinese characters can be seen in the pictures posed to support the text. Unexplained Chinese characters as well as Korean words lead incomprehension visually and linguistically. Cha wants to keeps a realist ideal of equivalence and deliberately get rid of the sense of foreignness without extra translation, though these characters stand outside the textual order, instead, they create "self-contained diatinction and feeling of otherness".
The process of reading this book was to call on Korean people to resist the colony of Japan. So this book could be called a book with history of blood and tears. So readers could think about the reliability of narration and focalization,  multimedia and art,   the ambiguity  and authenticity in photography taking,  and the boundary between fiction and nonfiction.
Not only the title of the book is dictation, but many of the contents of the book are also written in strict accordance with the dictation format. Reviews and criticism[ edit ] Reviews for Dictee have been rather positive, with Carole Maso quoted in Spin Magazine commenting, "Dictee enlarges the notion of what a book is In , Korea active nationalists drafted and distributed a declaration of independence of Korea and planned a large demonstration of independence.
To gather a large number of people into demonstration, they turned the funeral for King Kojong into a protest against Japanese. Women and Children were beaten and killed by the police and soldiers. She "passed out copies of the declaration and led demonstrations in her hometown area south of Seoul. She was arrested, imprisoned, and tortured, and after a year she died in prison.
The new curriculum eliminated the study of Korean and the use of Korean in general instruction. Eventually, the colonial government would insist that only the Japanese language be used in all public offices, and by the s all businesses and banks were forced to keep records exclusively in Japanese.
However, Soviet and U. The two colonels who had prepared the decisions — one of them being the later Secretary of State Dean Rusk — had chosen the 38th parallel because it left the capital Seoul under US control. The suggestion to choose the 38th parallel as dividing line became part of an instruction, approved by the Presi-dent, to General MacArthur, Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces.
This instruction was also communicated to the British and Soviet government. Therefore, it has been called a "military expedient". Yet, once Soviet troops had entered the northern part of Korea, facts were established which could not be removed.
June 25, , the Korean War started. The war ended in July 27,
Alexandra Kleeman on the Book That Makes Her Feel Extra Alert
I know it shall be experimental, political, and grotesque. I see myself 4. I see myself rejecting the exigencies of tact, universality, and New Critcism, for to discuss that line comprising Dictee and Theresa Hak Kyung Cha one needs a haunting and a hell to pay that neither commercializes for profit nor solipsizes into ivory tower onanism can convey. Four stars, five stars, a star of doom that struck a woman of color writer down in the streets and blows wide the best suppression of literature and of life. Some will not know age. Some not age.
Theresa Hak Kyung Cha
It is a remembrance of the strength and resilience of women both fictitious and real and the history of the Korean diaspora community. The press gave artists free reign to design all aspects of the books and some unusual works were developed as a result. Initially, Dictee was not well known outside the avant-garde art community. In , the Association for Asian American Studies held a symposium to discuss the importance of Dictee as a work embodying the unique history and experience of Asian Americans. Since then the scholarship on Dictee has helped establish Asian American studies departments across college campuses and Dictee is now read widely in courses involving feminist theory, post-modern theory, art history, and poetry and literature studies.
Genre[ edit ] Critics contend that Dictee, though considered a novel, is difficult to define by genre. It has an unorthodox structure, and consists of descriptions of the struggle to speak, uncaptioned photographs, tellings of the lives of saints and patriots, and mysterious letters that seem not to relate to the other material. Cha "borrows from avant garde and film editing techniques such as jagged cuts, jump shots, and visual exposition", based on her experience in the video and performing arts. It can help the readers respond more actively and creatively. Dictee has so many forms of genre, such as autobiography, fiction, history, and poetry.