DIONYSIUS THRAX GRAMMAR PDF

Life[ edit ] His place of origin was not Thrace as the epithet "Thrax" denotes, but probably Alexandria. One of his co-students during his studies in Alexandria under Aristarchus was Apollodorus of Athens , who also became a distinguished grammarian. His work shows some influence of earlier Stoic grammatical theory , particular on word classes. Of the last genre, he wrote a polemical monograph criticizing the Homeric interpretations of Krates.

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On the Word A Word is the smallest part of an ordered sentence. The proper noun, as a species, is subordinate to the noun. A Noun is a declinable part of speech, signifying something either concrete or abstract concrete, as stone; abstract, as education ; common or proper common, as man, horse; proper, as Socrates, Plato. There are three Genders, the masculine, the feminine, and the neuter. Some add to these two more, the common and the epicene—common, as man, horse; epicene, as swallow, eagle.

There are two Species of nouns, the primitive and the derivative. A Patronymic is properly a noun formed from the name of a father, improperly a noun formed from the name of another ancestor, e. Pittakos was the son of Hyrras. From the names of mothers, Homer forms no species of patronymics; later authors do. A Comparative is a noun making a comparison of one individual with another individual of the same genus, e.

Achilleus braver than Aias; or of one individual with many of a different genus, e. Achilleus braver than the Trojans.

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Dionysius Thrax

His work, the Art of Grammar Gr. If this work is really by Dionysius Thrax has been doubted by medieval commentators and grammarians. On the other side, the fact that grammarians of the stature of Apollonius Dyscolus and Herodian knew this work in its present form, defends its authenticity, however it might have been altered in later times. From a Hamburg manuscript J.

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The Art of Grammar

BC by someone who is otherwise scarcely known. According the encyclopaedia of the Suda 10th cent. Whether Dionysius alone is responsible for the text is not and cannot be known. I imagine that the history of the transmission of the text is in vol. I, but I have no easy access to this book. There is no shortage of scholia notes on the work by various later writers, and these are published by Bekker. Liddell, R.

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the Art of Grammar (Dionysius Thrax)

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The grammar of Dionysios Thrax

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