The idea of an ideal type, as a standard that other works are then measured against, is considered by Argan to be an abstraction. Typology becomes a function of historical process or reference as well as influenced by the individual. Argan identifies three main categories of architectural typologies: a complete configuration of buildings, major structural elements, and decorative elements. Complete configuration or form such as longitudinally planned buildings as supplied by Argan suggests a connection with such iconic structures as Gothic Cathedrals or the longitudinal plans of Greek temples.
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Giulio Carlo Argan explains Architectural typologies and how they come into existence. There is vagueness in the definition of type which refrains the typology from impacting the formal qualities of the building.
A typology begins when a series of buildings share formal and functional qualities. Argan argues that it cannot be expected for any architect to manifest new typologies, rather we use typologies to understand architectural themes that are successful. A typology is related to configuration, and not to the buildings function, in many historical cases the function changes while the typology holds true.
There are three typological typologies; the first is concerned with the total configuration of the building, second involves the major structural elements and the third major decorative elements. When considering art and architecture historically, there are two aspects to be considered, the first is typology and the second is the formal definition.
The formal definition is makes definite formal values that bring on judgment. How do we bind the definition of Type? What can we categorize that is not a type? Share this:.
Giulio Carlo Argan
He starts off by describing the obvious qualities of the type, then moves on to comparison between the type and the model and finally defines the type, classifies it and identifies its specific characteristics. Generally speaking, an architectural type is always an evident entity; however, it is never a major determinant of a creative process. While the model is definitely an image or a rule to follow, the type is a reference, in relation to which it is possible to conceive artworks without an obvious resemblance. Due to its nature, the type is usually vague and generalized. Indeed, it is formulated from the fusion of existing instances.
Lecture 5: Giulio Carlo Argan, “On the Typology of Architecture”
Returning to the idea of judgment, who or what determines when a line is drawn between one architectural type and another that occur in succession? You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your WordPress. I think study on the typology is a good way to organize the architecture.