In his Histoire des Girondins became widely popular, and he rose to considerable political prominence in early , when he led the Second Republic for a short time. Lamartine was educated at the college at Belley, which was maintained by the Jesuits though they were suppressed in France at this time. Lamartine had wanted to enter the army or the diplomatic corps, but, because France was ruled by Napoleon , whom his faithful royalist parents regarded as the usurper, they would not allow him to serve. The following year, however, Napoleon returned from exile and attempted to rebuild his empire during the Hundred Days.
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In his Histoire des Girondins became widely popular, and he rose to considerable political prominence in early , when he led the Second Republic for a short time. Lamartine was educated at the college at Belley, which was maintained by the Jesuits though they were suppressed in France at this time.
Lamartine had wanted to enter the army or the diplomatic corps, but, because France was ruled by Napoleon , whom his faithful royalist parents regarded as the usurper, they would not allow him to serve. The following year, however, Napoleon returned from exile and attempted to rebuild his empire during the Hundred Days.
Lamartine emigrated to Switzerland. Attracted to literature, he wrote some tragedies in verse and a few elegies. By this time his health was not good, and he left for the spa of Aix-les-Bains, where, in October of , on the shore of Lake Bourget, he met the brilliant but desperately ill Julie Charles. Early in Lamartine had fallen deeply in love with a young working girl named Antoniella.
He now became passionately attached to Charles, who, because of her vast connections in Paris , was able to help him find a position. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today In Lamartine married Maria Ann Birch, a young Englishwoman connected by marriage to the Churchills, and he finally joined the diplomatic corps, as secretary to the French embassy at Naples.
It brought to French poetry a new music; the themes were at the same time intimate and religious. If the vocabulary remained that of the somewhat faded rhetoric of the preceding century, the resonance of the sentences, the power of the rhythm, and the passion for life sharply contrasted with the often-withered poetry of the 18th century. Political career In , when Louis-Philippe acceded to the throne as constitutional monarch after the July Revolution , Lamartine abandoned his diplomatic career to enter politics.
He refused to commit himself to the July Monarchy, however, and, preserving his independence, he set out to draw attention to social problems. After two unsuccessful attempts he was elected deputy in In —33 he travelled to Lebanon , Syria , and the Holy Land. He had by then definitively lost the Catholic faith he had tried to recover in ; a further blow was the death in Beirut, on December 7, , of his only remaining child, Julia. A son born in Rome in had not survived infancy.
After the revolution of February 24, , the Second Republic was proclaimed in Paris, and Lamartine became, in effect, head of the provisional government. Among the reforms passed during the early months of the Second Republic were the adoption of universal male suffrage and the abolition of slavery in French territories. The propertied classes, who were at first startled by this new government, pretended to accept the new circumstances, but they were unable to tolerate the fact that the working class possessed arms with which to defend themselves.
The bourgeoisie , represented by the right-wing parties, thought they had elected in Lamartine a clever manipulator who could placate the proletariat while military forces capable of establishing order, such as they conceived of it, were being reconstituted.
The bourgeoisie was enraged to discover, however, that Lamartine was, indeed, as he had proclaimed himself to be, the spokesman of the working class. On June 24, , he was thrown out of office and the revolt crushed. He was a candidate in the presidential election of December and finished last, with little support. Later life A broken man, Lamartine entered the twilight of his life.
He was 60 years old in , and his debts were enormous, not because he had been personally extravagant but because of the allowances he gave his sisters to compensate for the total property inheritance he had received as the only male in the Lamartine family.
He died nearly forgotten by his contemporaries.
Alphonse de Lamartine
Dopo Waterloo , ritorna in Francia e a novembre rinuncia al servizio militare. Nelle successive edizioni Lamartine vi comprende altre poesie e in quella del vi aggiunge una prefazione in cui scrive della sua vocazione alla poesia. Esse ebbero subito un grande successo di critica e di vendita, raggiungendo le Egli utilizza uno schema retorico usato spesso anche dagli stessi intellettuali italiani, ma fra molti patrioti italiani si leva una grande indignazione. Piangi la tua caduta vantando i tuoi eroi! Su rive ove la gloria ha rianimato le loro ossa, Altrove vado a cercare perdona, ombra romana! Uomini, e non polvere umana!