We are an educational organization dedicated to developing and sharing knowledge related to nonviolent civil resistance movements for human rights, freedom, and justice around the world. Ghaffar Khan and the Khudai Khidmatgar movement inspired thousands of Pashtuns also called Pathans , who were known as fierce warriors, and others to lay down their arms and use civil resistance to challenge British rule. I promise to forgive those who oppress me or treat me with cruelty. Initially they set to work organizing village projects and opening schools, but soon they became part of the broader Indian Independence movement, accepting without retaliation some of the most fierce British repression—mass firings on unarmed crowds, torture, personal humiliation, setting homes and fields on fire, and even the destruction of entire villages. Inspired by the dissidence of the INC and the charismatic spiritual-political leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Red Shirts blossomed in during the civil disobedience movement. Although the INC leadership stopped promoting civil disobedience in , Ghaffar Khan was arrested for allegedly making a seditious and provocative speech in December of that year and was sentenced to two years imprisonment.
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||22 May 2015|
|PDF File Size:||18.6 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.20 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Khudai Khidmatgar Movement Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas.
The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society. Due to some unchangeable principles of Pushtunwali, the Pakhtun society was entangled in endless tribal feuds. The reason was obvious that the Pakhtuns were following the already made stereotypes, so in this struggle the Khudai-Khidmatgar tried there best to eliminate the concept of deep rooted stereotypes from the Pashtoon society on the bases of social-cultural reforms and educational network.
This would help them to put the Pashtoon society on the path of development. This movement was fundamentally based on two things, firstly, to serve the humanity by focusing on idioms like education for all, encouraging poetry and music and literature and to eradicate the vicious roots of violence among Pashtoons. As for as the connotation of Khudai- Khidmatgar is concerned, it mean servants of God. But as God needs no service and help, so by serving God mean to serve the humanity.
Similarly, the non violence become the base of the Khudai-Khidmatgar movement for a purpose that the Pashtoon society was already dominated by tribal feuds as discussed earlier. So to demolish this curse from the Pashtoon society and to unite them under the single platform. The Khudai-Khidmatgar started the idea of non violence.
This would basically help them to show a united front against the British imperial designs. With the passage of time this social movement was transformed into a political movement.
This movement had and also has a deep influence on the Pashtoon society. Neither the Government Organizations had any arrangement for the education. If any school was established in a village, the Mullaahs allowed non to go to schools. Therefore under the patronage of Haji Sahib Turangzai A. The first school was opened by AGK in Utmanzai during and similar schools were opened in different villages.
The ultimate objective of the movement was to prepare the people for a rebel against the British Government. For the education and training of such individuals an Azad Islami High School was established in Emphasis was also given to the women education. Religious Reforms: The K. The movement is also against sectarianism. There are Shias, Sunnis, Fiquies and Wahabis etc, each claiming himself right and the other wrong. They all believe in Allah yet declare each other Kaafir on the basis of minor issues.
This depravity has in-fact been created by the self-seekers in the guise of religion. The movement also persuades the people to seek guidance from Shariat in their disputes.
As they ban musical concerts extravagance in the marriage ceremonies. The K. Ks requested people in the name of religion and Pathan honor to shun this bad habit of squandering their wealth, quite often borrowed for each occasions. The prohibit sqat money in cash and kind distributed at the same time of funeral.
Nobody can deny the significance of charity. It is good if it is given not as a custom but solely in the name of Allah. Moreover the recipient must publically refuse it if he is sure the heir is below puberty, debtor or taken in on interest or any other unlawful way. Such a refusal would thus become a precedent for others to follow and the people would get rid of this vicious practice.
Moreover it stressed upon the use of country cotton presses and country spinning wheels. Moreover the movement attracted the illiterate and hard-headed Pakhtoons towards manual labor through examples from the lives of the Prophet, like Hazrat Idrees AS, who was a tailor by profession. Then a lot of people decided to leave India for Afghanistan. When these migrants were leaving India via north-west frontier province they were welcomed warmly by the Khudai-Khidmatgars.
Khudai-Khidmatgars hired hotels in Kisa Khani bazar and other areas of Peshawar. Khudai-Khidmatgar played an important role in the independence of India from the British Raj. The Khudai-Khidmatgar movement played an important role in the civil disobedience movement launched by Congress during It faced a lot of brutalities by the British government. Their businesses and buildings were perished.
The British government harassed them and their family members sexually, but they did not lose passions and did not adopt any violent way. Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas.
Khudai Khidmatgar Movement
For the glory of God By cannon or gun undismayed Soldiers and horsemen, Our work and our duty. But nothing can conquer nonviolence. You cannot kill it. It keeps standing up. The British sent their horses and cars to run over us, but I took my shawl in my mouth to keep from screaming. We were human beings, but we should not cry or express in any way that we were injured or weak.
The province due to its unique geographical location was treated by the British administration different from the rest of India. This brought social, political and economic backwardness in the Pushtoon society. P and its people in close collaboration with their brethren from rest of India. Ghaffar Khan had realized that migration is not the solution of the multifarious problems they faced. To eradicate social evils like illiteracy, blood feud, crimes, the use of intoxicants and factionalism from the Pushtoon society, he decided to launch an Educational Program and achieve the goal purely on non-violence and non-political base.