VALMIKI RAMAYANA SUNDARAKANDA PDF

After learning about Sita, Hanuman assumes a gargantuan form and makes a colossal leap across the ocean to Lanka after defeating Surasa , the Mother of the Nagas and Sinhika, who is sent by the Devtas. In the Ashok Vatika , Sita is wooed and threatened by Ravana and his demon mistresses to marry Ravana. He offers to carry Sita back to Rama, however she refuses, reluctant to allow herself to be rescued by any one, other than her husband. She says that Rama himself must come and avenge the insult of her abduction. He allows himself to be captured and produced before Ravana. He gives a bold lecture to Ravana to release Sita.

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Ikshvaku dynasty Dasharatha is king of Ayodhya and father of Rama. Once, Kaikeyi saved Dasaratha in a war and as a reward, she got the privilege from Dasaratha to fulfil two of her wishes at any time of her lifetime. She made use of the opportunity and forced Dasharatha to make their son Bharata crown prince and send Rama into exile for 14 years.

Dasharatha dies heartbroken after Rama goes into exile. Rama is the main character of the tale. Portrayed as the seventh avatar of god Vishnu , he is the eldest and favourite son of Dasharatha , the king of Ayodhya and his Chief Queen, Kausalya.

He is portrayed as the epitome of virtue. Dasharatha is forced by Kaikeyi to command Rama to relinquish his right to the throne for fourteen years and go into exile. Rama kills the evil demon Ravana, who abducted his wife Sita, and later returns to Ayodhya to form an ideal state. She was the blood of sages who sacrificed their lives to develop the powerful force to get rid of earth from demons. Rama went to Mithila and got a chance to marry her by breaking the Shiv Dhanush bow while trying to tie a knot to it in a competition organized by King Janaka of Mithila.

The competition was to find the most suitable husband for Sita and many princes from different states competed to win her. Sita is the avatar of goddess Lakshmi , the consort of Vishnu. Sita is portrayed as the epitome of female purity and virtue. She is imprisoned on the island of Lanka , until Rama rescues her by defeating Ravana. Later, she gives birth to twin boys Lava and Kusha. Bharata is the son of Dasharatha and Queen Kaikeyi. Bharata then rules Ayodhya as the regent of Rama for the next fourteen years, staying outside the city of Ayodhya.

He was married to Mandavi. Lakshmana Saumitra is a younger brother of Rama, who chose to go into exile with him. He spends his time protecting Sita and Rama, during which time he fights the demoness Shurpanakha. He is forced to leave Sita, who was deceived by the demon Maricha into believing that Rama was in trouble. Sita is abducted by Ravana upon his leaving her. He is the youngest brother of Rama and also the twin brother of Lakshmana.

He was married to Shrutakirti. Allies of Rama Vanara Hanuman is a vanara belonging to the kingdom of Kishkindha. He is an ideal bhakta of Rama. He plays an important part in locating Sita and in the ensuing battle. He is believed to live until our modern world. Sugriva , a vanara king who helped Rama regain Sita from Ravana.

Angada is a vanara and the son of Bali vanar king of Kishkindha before Sugriva who helped Rama find his wife Sita and fight her abductor, Ravana , in Ramyana.

He was son of Vali and Tara and nephew of Sugriva. Angada and Tara are instrumental in reconciling Rama and his brother, Lakshmana , with Sugriva after Sugriva fails to fulfill his promise to help Rama find and rescue his wife. Together they are able to convince Sugriva to honour his pledge to Rama instead of spending his time carousing and drinking.

Rikshas are bears. It is he who makes Hanuman realize his immense capabilities and encourages him to fly across the ocean to search for Sita in Lanka. A demi-god who has the form of a vulture that tries to rescue Sita from Ravana.

Jatayu fought valiantly with Ravana, but as Jatayu was very old, Ravana soon got the better of him. As Rama and Lakshmana chanced upon the stricken and dying Jatayu in their search for Sita, he informs them of the direction in which Ravana had gone.

Sampati , son of Aruna , brother of Jatayu. Rakshasa Vibhishana , youngest brother of Ravana. He was against the abduction of Sita and joined the forces of Rama when Ravana refused to return her. His intricate knowledge of Lanka was vital in the war and he was crowned king of Lanka by Ram after the fall of Ravana. He was son of a sage named Vishrava and daitya princess Kaikesi. After performing severe penance for ten thousand years he received a boon from the creator-god Brahma : he could henceforth not be killed by gods, demons, or spirits.

He is portrayed as a powerful demon king who disturbs the penances of rishis. Vishnu incarnates as the human Rama to defeat him, thus circumventing the boon given by Brahma. Indrajit or Meghnadha, the eldest son of Ravana who twice defeated Rama and Lakshmana in battle, before succumbing to Lakshmana. An adept of the magical arts, he coupled his supreme fighting skills with various stratagems to inflict heavy losses on Vanara army before his death.

Kumbhakarna , brother of Ravana, famous for his eating and sleeping. He would sleep for months at a time and would be extremely ravenous upon waking up, consuming anything set before him. During the war he decimated the Vanara army before Rama cut off his limbs and head. It is she who asked Ravana to abduct Sita as revenge for her insult.

Vali was famous for the boon that he had received, according to which anyone who fought him in single-combat lost half his strength to Vali, thereby making Vali invulnerable to any enemy. He was killed by Rama , an Avatar of Vishnu. However, he was not an enemy of Rama.

He was killed by Rama because Vali had fought with his brother Sugriva after some misunderstanding, who was a loyal ally of Rama. Dasharatha was the King of Ayodhya. He had three wives: Kaushalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra. He was childless for a long time and anxious to have an heir, so he performs a fire sacrifice known as Putra-kameshti Yajna. These sons are endowed, to various degrees, with the essence of the Supreme Trinity Entity Vishnu ; Vishnu had opted to be born into mortality to combat the demon Ravana , who was oppressing the gods, and who could only be destroyed by a mortal.

The boys were reared as the princes of the realm, receiving instructions from the scriptures and in warfare from Vashistha. When Rama was 16 years old, sage Vishwamitra comes to the court of Dasharatha in search of help against demons who were disturbing sacrificial rites. He chooses Rama, who is followed by Lakshmana, his constant companion throughout the story. Rama and Lakshmana receive instructions and supernatural weapons from Vishwamitra and proceed to destroy Tataka and many other demons.

Janaka was the King of Mithila. One day, a female child was found in the field by the King in the deep furrow dug by his plough. Overwhelmed with joy, the King regarded the child as a "miraculous gift of God".

The child was named Sita, the Sanskrit word for furrow. Sita grew up to be a girl of unparalleled beauty and charm. The King had decided that who ever could lift and wield the heavy bow, presented to his ancestors by Shiva , could marry Sita. Sage Vishwamitra takes Rama and Lakshmana to Mithila to show the bow. Then Rama desires to lift it and goes on to wield the bow and when he draws the string, it broke.

The weddings were celebrated with great festivity in Mithila and the marriage party returns to Ayodhya. After Rama and Sita have been married for twelve years, an elderly Dasharatha expresses his desire to crown Rama, to which the Kosala assembly and his subjects express their support. On the eve of the great event, Kaikeyi — her jealousy aroused by Manthara , a wicked maidservant — claims two boons that Dasharatha had long ago granted her.

Kaikeyi demands Rama to be exiled into the wilderness for fourteen years, while the succession passes to her son Bharata. He is joined by Sita and Lakshmana. When he asks Sita not to follow him, she says, "the forest where you dwell is Ayodhya for me and Ayodhya without you is a veritable hell for me. Meanwhile, Bharata who was on a visit to his maternal uncle, learns about the events in Ayodhya.

He requests Rama to return and rule. Rama leaving for fourteen years of exile from Ayodhya. Aranya Kanda.

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